Sea Life
Deep Sea Fishes
Sea Turtles
Sea Lion
Sea Monkeys
Sea Otter
Sea Birds
Sea Snakes
Sea Dragons
Sea Eagles
Sea Anemone
Sea Bass
Sea Whales
Sea Spider
Sea Mammals
Sea Amphibians
Sea Crabs
Sea Reptiles

In the Sea
Sea Shells
Sea Sponges
Sea Caves
Sea Coral
Sea Cucumbers

Sea Pictures and Wallpapers
Pictures of the Sea
Sea Wallpapers

Other Sea Information
Deep Sea Diving
Deep Sea Research
Marine Biology
Naval Sea Systems
Sea Exploration
Sea Grape
Sea Level Rise

Oceans and Seas
Indian Ocean
Southern Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Baltic Sea
The Aral Sea
The Caspian Sea
Japan Sea
Red Sea
Okhotsk Sea
North Sea
Dead Sea
Yellow Sea
Caribbean Sea
Andaman Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Black Sea
Barents Sea
Kara Sea
Kara Sea

Arctic Tern

Arctic Tern

Arctic Tern is a sea bird which belongs to family Sternidae under Sterna genus. Its biological name is Sterna paradisaea. These birds are bold, beautiful and medium in size. They have white and grey feathers. Their feet and beak are red in color. Arctic Tern has white forehead and cheeks.

There size in length varies from 28 to 39 cm. However, their wingspan ranges from 76 to 85 cm. Its upper wing is grey with white edge. It has long tail, forked and white in color. Its weight varies from 90 to 120 g. There is no difference in appearance of male and female Arctic Tern. They look like same.

Arctic Terns are renowned for their yearly long distance migratory. The bird leaves it's breeding Arctic lands to Antarctica in winters, which covers around 40,000 km distance. This is the longest distance traveled yearly by any bird.

The Arctic Tern molts its feathers in winter. During molting period it does not fly, instead it takes rest sitting on small blocks of ice at the edge of pack ice. But the molting happens so quickly that it is seen without flying just for while. Arctic Tern Adult

Arctic Tern lives on eating insects, small fish, and crustaceans. Arctic Terns build their nests on bare rocks, which make them to take care of it from predators. The bird lays one or two eggs in their nest. The egg is of Olive to buff with dark brown spotted color. It is concentrated around the larger end.

The information on its population is not available properly now. The women hats manufacturers killed many of Arctic Terns from the Atlantic lands which caused decrease in their population in late 19th century. And now its southernmost populations are also decreasing, which has become a serious concern.

Arctic Tern is known with the name Sterne arctique in French and Gaviotín del Artico or Charran artico in Spanish.