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Pilot Whale

Short finned and long finned pilot whale

About Short finned pilot whale :
The Short-finned Pilot Whale scientifically known as Globicephala macrorhynchus is one of the two types of cetacean in the genus Globicephala. It is part of the marine dolphin family of Delphinidae, though its activities are closer to that of the bigger whales. Short-finned Pilot Whales can be baffled with their relatives the long-finned pilot whales, but there are a variety of differences. As their names specify, their flippers are shorter than those of the Long-finned Pilot Whale, with a gentler curl on the edging.

Physical Characteristics :
The Short finned pilot whales has chunky body, bulbous forehead, no major beak, lengthy flippers piercingly pointed at the tip, black or dark grey, fin set frontward on body, fluke raised before cavernous dive, they may drift static at the surface, often seen in very big groups, they like deep water.

Length :
Adults are 3.5 - 5.5 meters in length. When they are born short-finned pilot whales is about 1.5-1.9 meters long.

Weight :
Short-finned Pilot Whales mass is about 65kg. A fully developed adult will weight between 1 to 5 tones.

Diet :
Marine fish, Squid, and Octopus

Behavior :
Short-finned Pilot Whales are very friendly and are rarely ever seen alone. They are found in groups of ten to forty, though some groups are as big as sixty. They are sometimes seen sorting and permit boats to get close. They hardly ever violate, but may be seen lob tailing (slapping their flukes on the water plane) and spy hopping. Before plunging, they arch their tails and lift them above the surface.

Long-finned pilot whale :
The long-finned pilot whale is scientifically known as Globicephala melas. It is one of the two genuses of cetacean in the genus Globicephala. It belongs to the marine dolphin family known as Delphinidae, though its manners are closer to that of the larger whales.

Physical Features :
Like the orca the long-finned pilot whale is a dolphin. It has a rounded forehead and is jet black with grey or white markings on throat and stomach and sometimes at the back of dorsal fin and eye. The dorsal fin is sickle-shaped. The long flippers are about 15 to 25 percent of total body length. It is occasionally known as the pothead whale because the shape of its head reminds early whalers of black cooking pots. Females reach sexual adulthood at about 3.8 meters and 6 to 8 years of age. Males need about twice as long to reach sexual adulthood at about 4.7 meters and 14 years of age.

Behavior :
They are very friendly, family animals and may travel in groups of up to a hundred to two hundred. A leading female is generally acting as a leader. These groups entertain with familiar Atlantic white-sided dolphins and Risso's dolphins. An adult whale needs about 55 kilograms of food daily, which consists mostly of cephalopods and to a smaller amount of fish. Pilot whales usually take several breaths before plunging for a few minutes.

Nature :
Long-finned pilot whales are very lively and can often be seen lob tailing and spy hopping. The juvenile ones also violate, but this is unusual in adults. Long-finned pilot whales often thread themselves on beaches because they have brawny family bonds, when one animal strand, the rest of the pod tends to chase.