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Pilchards also known as Sardines belong to the family of Clupeidae and these are small oily fish. The sea contains many species of this fish and is very interesting to know and read about these species. The sea is known mainly for the different species of fish it contains. Some fish are rich in vitamins and nutrients and thus they help human being in curing some of the diseases. Apart from these they are also used in different purposes of industrial use like in cosmetics, paints, varnish, etc. Pichards are considered as oily because they contain a large amount of oil in their tissues. They grow up to a size of around 14 inches in length. These fish are popular for eating and are sold in the tightly packed containers. These fishes are rich in vitamins, nutrients and protein, so they are in high demand in the market.

Habitat and Behavior
Pilchards feed on minute crustaceans and other smaller fishes. They take (2-3) years to attain their full size. They are found on the Pacific coast of Japan, New Zealand and America. Other than these they are found in the many places across the world. They usually swim in large groups. They are also called as Sardinia as they were found in large numbers near Sardinia Island.

Reproduction and Breeding
The spawning takes place twice in a year generally in April and May and then in the early autumn. They have a characteristic that they spawn at a distance from the shore. It has been seen that they extends to several miles even.

Commercial use of Pilchards
The Pilchards are mainly fished for human consumption. The oil which the pilchards contains is used in the manufacture of varnish, paint and linoleum.

Fishing of pilchards
The pilchards feed at nights and this is the time when they are caught by the fisherman. When they move to the surface to feed on plankton they are being caught there. Also, encircling nets are used to divert their path along the coast so that they can be easily caught.

Canning of pilchards
They are canned in different ways. Their head is removed and then they are cooked. They are cooked by deep-frying or steam-cooking. After that they are packed in olive, soybean or in sauces of mustard and chilly. Different people follow different procedures in canning these pilchards according to their choice and taste.

Pilchards as a healthy food
The Pilchards fish are sold in a large quantity all across the world. Most often these fish comes in can. These are in high demand as it is the healthy food. The Pilchard recipe is very tasty, so people like to eat this pilchard recipe. This fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, which reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. These omega-3 fatty acids also reduce the chances of developing Alzheimer´┐Żs disease. Pilchards also contain calcium-B12, vitamin D and protein and thus reduce the level of blood sugar.