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Cold Seep Clam

Calyptogena spp.

Physical Characters : In parts of Monterey Bay, sulfide seeps up through the muddy seafloor. Clams living in the mud absorb this toxic chemical through their feet. The clams carry the sulfide to bacteria living inside their bodies. The bacteria use the sulfide to make food, which in turn provides nutrients for the clams. These are having size upto 4 inches (10 cm) or larger.

Distribution : Mostly these are distributed at seafloor, wherever cold seeps are present.

Food : These are mainly eating chemosynthetic bacteria that live in the clam�s gills; the bacteria feed on sulfide and the clams in turn feed on the microbes or the nutrients they produce.